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What Is The General Target Of The Paris Agreement On Climate Change

The Paris Agreement, adopted in Paris on 12 December 2015 and signed on 22 April 2016 at UN headquarters in New York, came into force on 4 November 2016 after being ratified by 96 states (compared to 188 previously) and reflects the resurgence of strong international climate ambitions. As President of the 21st Conference of the Parties to the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (COP21), France has mobilized for rapid ratification of the Paris Agreement and has made the fight against global warming a priority on its diplomatic agenda. National communication reports often cover several hundred pages and cover a country`s actions to reduce greenhouse gas emissions, as well as a description of its weaknesses and effects of climate change. [90] National communications are established in accordance with guidelines adopted by the UNFCCC Conference of Parties. Contributions (planned) at the national level (NDC), which form the basis of the Paris Agreement, are shorter and less detailed, but also follow a standard structure and are subject to technical review by experts. These rules of transparency and accountability are similar to those set out in other international agreements. Although the system does not include financial sanctions, the requirements are intended to easily monitor the progress of individual nations and promote a sense of overall group pressure, discouraging any towing of feet among countries that might consider it. Specific results of increased attention to adjustment financing in Paris include the announcement by the G7 countries of $420 million for climate risk insurance and the launch of a Climate Risk and Early Warning Systems (CREWS) initiative. [51] In 2016, the Obama administration awarded a $500 million grant to the “Green Climate Fund” as “the first part of a $3 billion commitment made at the Paris climate talks.” [52] [53] [54] To date, the Green Climate Fund has received more than $10 billion in commitments. The commitments come mainly from developed countries such as France, the United States and Japan, but also from developing countries such as Mexico, Indonesia and Vietnam.

[33] Representatives of the Presidency of the Council and the European Commission have tabled the official ratification documents with the Secretary-General of the United Nations, which is retained. On October 5, 2016, when the agreement reached enough signatures to cross the threshold, U.S. President Barack Obama said, “Even if we achieve all the goals… we will only get to part of where we need to go. He also said that “this agreement will help delay or avoid some of the worst consequences of climate change.” It will help other nations reduce their emissions over time and set bolder goals as technology progresses, all under a strong transparency system that will allow each nation to assess the progress of all other nations. [27] A new issue that has proven to be the centre of gravity of the Paris negotiations[55] is that many of the worst effects of climate change will be too severe or will come too quickly to be avoided by adaptation measures. The Paris Agreement explicitly recognizes the need to repair such losses and damages and seeks to find appropriate responses. [56] It is specified that losses and damage can take different forms, both as immediate effects of extreme weather events and as slow effects, such as land loss at sea level for deep islands. [33] “A safer, safer, more prosperous and freer world.” In December 2015, President Barack Obama envisioned leaving today`s children when he announced that the United States, along with nearly 200 other countries, had committed to the Paris Climate Agreement, an ambitious global action plan to combat climate change.