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Why The Paris Agreement Is Good

To contribute to the goals of the agreement, countries presented comprehensive national climate change plans (national fixed contributions, NDC). These are not yet sufficient to meet the agreed temperature targets, but the agreement points to the way forward for further measures. The objective of the Paris agreement is the same as that of the majority of Americans. The Paris Agreement is the first international climate agreement that contains commitments from developed and developing countries to combat climate change. That`s why the Chicago Council on Global Affairs found that 71 percent of Americans surveyed (57 percent of Republicans and 87 percent of Democrats) said the U.S. should continue to participate in the Paris Agreement. In addition to the mitigation column of the agreement, the other pillars, Adaptation and Loss – Damage, are also weaknesses, notably L-D. One of the main demands of small island and least developed countries was to recognize the need to find solutions to forced displacement, cross-border migration and relocations planned in response to climate change and sea level rise. There is no longer any reference to this in the agreement, with the exception of an indirect reference to external UN bodies dealing with specific aspects of the DA, in reference to the UN ad hoc working group on climate-related migration. The United States also succeeded in concluding the accompanying decisions of the agreement with an exclusion clause on future liability related to L-D, while the G77 and China were already moving towards a compromise by removing any mention of compensation.

According to U.S. administration negotiators, one of the key conditions for the Obama administration was to ensure that the deal was not rejected by a right-wing Congress. This situation was debatable, given that there is no precedent in international law for such an approach. Imagine being a pedestrian who gets hit by a car and is not able to seek compensation from the driver, however unfair that clause is. Unfortunately, the agreement does not correspond to the most difficult issue of these negotiations: the differentiation of efforts between all countries. When the Convention on Climate Change was adopted in Rio in 1992, countries were divided into two categories: historical emitters and the rest of the world. This distinction was based on the principle of “common but differentiated responsibilities and capabilities.” Today, the Paris Agreement adds the concept “in the light of national realities” to meet emerging countries and vaguely distinguishes “developed” and “developing” countries. In other words, it means that historical issuers are still the ones who are needed to shoulder most of the burden and continue to send emerging countries until they feel they have done enough. This legislation on the development of CO2 emissions is understandable, as many basic infrastructures that will need to be built (for example. B roads, buildings) will be emissions.

But the way of sharing the carbon budget equitably has remained. This agreement therefore does not guarantee a fair share of the burden and will leave the most powerful countries as arbitrators. Communities everywhere still have record climate impacts, from deadly wildfires to devastating storms. These effects will only worsen in the absence of major measures to combat climate change. Fortunately, the world has the plan to respond to science: the Paris Agreement. Nearly four years ago, 195 countries adopted the Paris Agreement, a historic global action plan to combat climate change.